Guys, it’s 2019 and as a society, we have yet to have an open discussion about the female body and the menstrual disorders that affect our menstrual cycles.
A woman’s body is beautiful and breathtaking. It has the ability to carry a child for about nine months, all while keeping the baby fed and dealing with a whole lot of pain when it’s time to give birth. So before you come at me with the “admin is a feminist” routine (which, I mean, yeah, we are,) learn to appreciate the women in your life, because they go through hell and back.
Anyway, let me give you a quick anatomy lesson on the female body.
Women have two ovaries that store eggs. Females are born with about a million eggs in their bodies but are left with about 300,000 by the time they hit puberty. Every month up to a thousand eggs begin to mature, preparing themselves to fertilize, but only one is successful (each month one ovary gets its time to shine by producing a mature egg).
Then that one akela egg awaits to be fertilized by some lucky sperm.
This takes place in the fallopian tubes. The egg makes its way down to the uterus regardless of whether it’s fertilized or not. If it is fertilized, well bam, you’re creating life and if not, then you get to suffer a few days of pain and torture. That pain and torture can also be called your menstrual cycle.
Some common names for a menstrual cycle are: period, periods, menstruation, menses, “the dot”, time of the month, and the list can go on.
Most of us have a general idea behind what a period is, but do we know about the problems our bodies can face if our period isn’t “normal”?
Just like every other body part or bodily function, our reproductive systems are not always perfect and functioning as they should be. Some of us might be lucky enough to never face any issues in our lives, while the rest of us might be experiencing things that aren’t normal, but we are told to stay tight-lipped because log kya kaheinge.
It is so important to know the following information about what could go wrong and speak to a doctor if you are experiencing anything out of the ordinary. So keep reading to find out some common menstrual disorders:
Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS)
Yep, PMS is actually a menstrual disorder. This is often used with a negative connotation when a female is acting a bit weirder than normal, but it’s actually a real problem. Women can experience this at any point in their cycles and some common symptoms include irritability, anxiety, agitation, fatigue, and headache. Please don’t toss it around like it is some sort of joke. Some women experience symptoms severe enough to have their lifestyle disrupted.
Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder (PMDD)
The symptoms of this disorder are similar to those of Premenstrual Syndrome or PMS. These include irritability, depression, mood lability, anxiety, feelings of ‘loss of control’, difficulty concentrating and fatigue. Physically, you would experience abdominal bloating, breast tenderness, a headache and generalized aches.
These symptoms are actually severe enough to interfere with daily routine. It’s like getting annoyed at someone for something small, times a hundred and that feeling/thought being constant. Yeah, it’s just as bad as it sounds. It can often disable a woman and it often goes undiagnosed.
This is the absence of a period. This can happen before a female begins her period and hits puberty, during pregnancy, or during other times, which is when there is an issue. It is normal to reach puberty or start your menstrual cycle late, and the menstrual cycle is not supposed to take place during pregnancy anyway.
But if an individual misses her period for more than three months in a row, it is a red flag. It does not necessarily mean you are infertile, but it just means you should probably go get yourself checked out. And those phappay khutni aunties are going to make you think the gynecologist is only for after you get married, so don’t trust them.
Abnormal Uterine Bleeding (AUB)
In layman terms, it is when the uterus is releasing large amounts of blood and other contents, to the point where it becomes abnormal. This disorder can lead to an iron deficiency in the body, as well as infertility. This disorder is no joke and at no cost should you take it lightly. Seek the help of a professional as soon as you encounter something like this.
Basically, this is when the pain from the cramps (or otherwise) is multiplied, probably tenfold. It’s like someone is stabbing you with different objects in your uterus, over and over and over. The pain can last a few days and often appears 24 hours after the onset of your period. The pain subsides with medication. Basically, the disorder doesn’t do much, besides you know, give you horrible cramps and throbbing, traveling pain, and sometimes even nausea.
Okay, this refers to heavy and prolonged bleeding and, in some cases, it can get pretty darn terrible. It has the ability to impact day-to-day activities. If you experience abnormally heavy periods, where your sanitary pad is absolutely soaked time and again, this is a tell-tale sign of menorrhagia. Moreover, other symptoms can include spotting or bleeding when you’re not on your period or when you’re pregnant.
These were some of the more common disorders women can suffer from. However, to fully understand the workings of your reproductive system and to be aware of any problems you are facing, please visit a licensed professional to get the answers you need.
Cover image via huffingtonpost.co.uk